At the start of Year 2, most children have already acquired a basic knowledge of numbers and place value upon which they build their understanding of the number system. They count in twos, fives and tens and have started to derive and recall number facts.

They solve problems from real life and in mathematical contexts and become more independent and competent early mathematicians. Most children can order numbers to at least 100 using the vocabulary and notation of greater than and less than. They can count in 2s, 5s, 10s and 100s and identify the numbers on a number line to help with calculations.